American Flag on the Moon was made by a Portuguese lady: Anniversary of the American flag on the Moon by Neil Armstrong of Apollo 11. Just 30 years ago in July 1969, the American astronaut Neil Armstrong placed the American Flag on the Moon. This particular flag was made by Maria Isilda Ribeiro, a Portuguese lady. The flag on the Moon is made of fiberglass material and measures two feet in length. Since it could not be stamped by conventional methods due to the paint not adhering to the type of cloth, it had to be hand painted. Maria Isilda was born in Vagos, Portugal and came to the USA in 1966. She worked for Annin Flag Co, de Verona, N.J. Since Maria Isilda was on the finishing section, she was responsible for the flag. Luso-Americano, Fernando dos Santos, Editor.

Melungeon Heritage Association Recognizes Honorary Melungeon: Manuel Mira, author of the book "The Forgotten Portuguese, The Melungeons..." has been recognized as an Honorary Melungeon for his dedication to the Melungeon movement by the Melungeon Heritage Association on August 8, 1999.

California Station KSQQ airs interview with author Manuel Mira: In a recent visit to California attending several conferences, the author of the book, The Forgotten Portuguese was interviewed by Cesar de Jesus of the FM Radio Station KSQQ which transmits in the Portuguese language for the San Francisco, Oakland Bay and San Jose areas. Manuel Mira answered several questions about the book and the historic presence of the Portuguese in America. He also took part on a discussion panel with Dr. Maria Lidia C. Martins, one of the Professors from Coimbra visiting the area. The radio station is owned by Mr. Baptista Vieira, a Portuguese from the Azores. He has been distinguished by the Portuguese Government.

The County of Goes in Portugal has a 3,000 year old history: Recent discoveries in Portugal has enriched the Goes archaeology according to news recently published in Portugal. A sanctuary of the late bronze age, or the beginning of the Iron Age, about 3,000 years old was recently found in Goes. The modern spelling of Goes is Góis. The name Goes is closely connected with the Melungeons, since there are hundreds of variations of the name originating from Goes, the best known being Gowen for which the Gowen Research Foundation was named. Also this name is closely connected with the Southern Netherlanders and the name Van Der Goes. The Portuguese humanist Goes married a Dutch lady. Luis K.W., Portugal.

Portuguese Building in Disney World, Orlando, Florida: From Luis K W of Lisbon, Portugal we received the following interesting note: While we were crossing the bridge (on the left of the "tree of life") Animal Kingdom in entering "Africa", I noticed a building looking like a portuguese fortification of the 16th century.
     In fact, we were entering (a copy of) "Mombasa," and this building was meant to be "Forte de Jesus" built by the Portuguese in the 1500's, in the original Mombasa (south of Kenya).  The original "Forte" was occupied by Arabs (or Turks?) in the late 1700's, and later by the British until 1895 (or so). It was Rebuilt by the Portuguese in 1958.
     I just read in a portuguese newspaper (in english below):
     "Mas, como não evocar, 'a despedida do Forte de Jesus, uma placa afixada em 1593 'a entrada e a sua astuta redacção? (...) «Quando Felipe da Austria, reinava em Portugal, como Felipe I...». Atente-se, pois, no «quando», registe-se a «Austria» e sublinhe-se «como»".
     "How could we avoid noticing, when we were leaving the Forte de Jesus, a 1593 memorial tablet at the entrance and its astute redaction? «When Felipe of Austria ruled over Portugal as Felipe I...». Note the «when», «Austria» and «as»". (in Expresso, by Maria Joao Avilez)

Portuguese Gastronomy in the Boston Globe: An extensive article was published about Portuguese cooking in this large newspaper. It also mentions that only in Portugal are served the best soups in the world. It is interesting to note that the Portuguese national soup is made of collard greens, confused very often with kale. This type of cabbage is very popular en the Southeast USA. The Portuguese settlers were one of the first permanent settlers if not the first to continue settle in this country right up to the present day. They found in the early days that in order to survive they had to plant vegetables that would last long after the summer. Turnip Greens is another popular vegetable still used and served today in the Southeast restaurants.
     Not only in Boston but also in New York, Portuguese cooking is becoming an exit in the Restaurant "Acquario" where Portuguese seafood style is served, "Caldeirada à Portuguesa". Neither the cook or the owner are Portuguese.

History of Reading and Writing is older than we think: Paula Sten, a member of our Advisory Council, has stated to the ISAC (Institute for the Study of American Cultures) Membership that History has taught us that "History begin at Sumer" and that writing has gone only since perhaps - 6,000 years ago. These evidences fly in the face of that accepted assumption. Through comparative analysis - I had been able to recognize - that man has had - two phonetically recognizable written words from 40,000 B.C. On bone panels - consistently at that time, and more syllabic-word signs by 30,000 B.C. - as the evidences show. She ends with The history of reading and writing is far older than we think. Paula also believes that there is a connection between the languages of western Europe, such as the Basques and Northern Portugal and the languages of some of the American natives such as the Algonkin people.

James Dias, first Rhode Island Portuguese-American General: James Francis Dias is the first Rhode Island Portuguese-American that we know of to reach the post of the General of the US Army. General Dias was born in Newport, Rhode Island and served in the Vietnam war. His father was born in Azores and his mother was born in Newport and of Azorean born parents.

Portuguese-Japanese-English-Melungeon Food Connection: When genealogy records fail, connections can still be established by traditions of a particular group of people. England and Japan are both fond of deep fried barter-coated fish: Fish and chips and tempura. Both countries picked the recipe from Portuguese visitors in the 16th and 17th century. It's pretty well known that Portuguese merchants introduced tempura to Japan. They were in the habit of eating fried fish during the religious seasons. Fish frying have been a standard way of cooking fish in Portugal and Spain for hundreds of years. Recipes appeared in 13th century Spanish Arabic books. Portuguese Jews escaping the Inquisition brought the batter-fried fish to England and the Netherlands during the 16th and 17th centuries. Jewish fried fish was originally served cold. This habit has survived in Portugal till recently, but there are still some snack bars that still served it. In the American southeast foods like turnip greens, blackeye peas, salted ham,  mustard greens, cabbage, etc. are still foods used today and some of them served on some chains of southeast restaurants. The Melungeon people of traditional Portuguese ancestors, is one of the groups who still uses this type of food today.
     Luso-Americano, Dec.24, 1998; Los Angeles Times, Nov.18, 1998; The Forgotten Portuguese Book.

Tom Hanks of Portuguese Ancestors -- Time's Best Actor of the Year: The well known actor has been chosen as the best actor of 1988 by the Times Magazine. Tom Hanks has Portuguese roots on his mother side, from the Azores. His latest exit "Saving Private Ryan" may get him an Oscar.


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